My Final Reflection

The Beginning

When picking UOSM2008, I really didn’t know what to expect. I did know however, that in my final year I wanted to do a course that was different from all the others. Something that would provide me with transferable skills when I finished University.

 

My Journey;

Uosm2008
(Farrell, 2018)

Have I improved?

At the start of the course I was told to self test myself on certain important aspects of the course, reflecting on this, by doing a second self test, I can see that by undertaking this course I have improved massively on certain aspects such as:

1

2
(Farrell, 2018)

So what physical changes have I made?

Over the topics, it was significantly important to understand the dangers of the internet in respect to your privacy and security.
All though I shared no personal information on my Instagram or Twitter,

I did realise that I had shared my previous education on Facebook:

UOSM

This is information that did not need to be shared on the internet, and could be used to copy my identity, so I have removed this information so that it now looks like:

UOSM2

As well as this, I have created myself a professional account on LinkedIn, in order to separate my self-presentation and self-promotion (Dijck (2013 pp.199)

Linkedin2

All though I still have a lot to complete on my LinkedIn account, I am adamant that it will be a useful tool to build my professional profile when I finish University.

 

On top of these changes, I have learnt the following skills:

At the start of this topic, I found the really low word count, specifically hard to deal with, this is particularly evident in my introduction topic, and I believe I had only really mastered it when I finished topic 2,

Topic 2 was the first week that I incorporated a large amount of self-made information graphics and created my own YouTube video;

uosm final

I quickly realised that creating a YouTube video to explain a specific aspect of a topic, in this scenario ‘Echo Chambers’ allows you to, with detail, explain a topic using no words at all.

I also realised the importance of Information graphics to explain topics with a large word count, what is evident, is the huge improvement in quality and the extent to which I used them to provide information from my first information graphic as the course went on.

My first;

infograph 1

 

 

An infographic used later in the course in a reflection post:

infograph 2

 

I believe this shows that as the course has gone, I quickly began to improve my skills in order to get better grades. It also shows how I began to become more savvy with the software in order to create visually appealing graphics.

So I have created this video to show what I have learnt over all the topics and the skills I have gained throughout the course:

Source: Video created using PowToon (Farrell, 2018)

But what didn’t go so well?

Reflecting on the topic, there are a lot of things that I wish I had done better.

For example there was a couple of technical problems that I wish I had become aware of before my post was marked, such as a YouTube video on topic 3 that was not embedded properly:

reflection blog

On top of this, admittedly it took me a while to completely get the referencing system right, I  was constantly forgetting to cite myself when I had created my own information graphics.

As well as academically referencing all sources used.

At the start of the topic, I would often do the blog near the end of the deadline, all though this did put me under stress in regards to getting it done on time. I did find that the earlier I did it, especially topic 3 which I published a week before the deadline, the less comments I would get on my blog due to the layout of the homepage, with people often commenting on the blogs on the first page instead of going through to the other pages to see blogs that had not already been commented on.

 

Concluding Thoughts. What I would have done differently:

Having completed the course and reflecting on all the steps I took to get to this stage, there are multiple things I would have done differently.

Firstly;
At the start of the course, I wish I had applied myself more, even in the introductory topic. The reason being that it would have meant that I would have understood the software a lot faster, allowing myself to make much better information graphics and videos at the start of the course, allowing my grades throughout the course to appear much more stable across the board.

Secondly;
I would have put effort in to uploading my blog at a certain time, regardless of when I finished it. A lot of the learning I did came from the comments my peers made on my blog and the discussions I made on other peoples blogs, for example:

uosm4.PNG

But I found that, the earlier you posted it, the less comments you got.

Going Forward

Although I have enjoyed my time blogging for this course, I’m not sure I will continue blogging on this account.

Mainly because I don’t do anything in which I find myself wanting to blog about, neither do I think I’ll be able to commit myself time wise in to writing them for enjoyment, when I start full time work.

Word Count: 899

References:

van Dijck, J. (2013). ‘You have one identity’: performing the self on Facebook and LinkedIn. Media, Culture & Society, 35(2), pp.199-215.

Advertisements

Reflecting on my Identity, or Both of Them?

The Influence of Others

I found the topic this week really interesting, I especially enjoyed reading other peoples blogs as I quickly came to realise that everyone was approaching the topic differently.

Where as I focused on the difference between self presentation and self promotion (Dijck (2013), and the positives and negatives of multiple and single identities.

Others focused on specific advantages and disadvantages of single and multiple identities and how it affects them such as identity theft (Jones, 2017).  Such as Tom who described changes he made on his own social medias after reflecting on the topic. Because of this I have reflected on my identity across multiple platforms could be affected by identity fraud.

important tasks (1)
Farrell (2018) Using Canva

Self-Presentation vs Self-Professionalism, and Dijck (2013) theory on the difference between Facebook and LinkedIn not as simple as it seems?

Whilst reading both Chloe’s and Carl’s blog this week, who also discussed the divide of self-presentation and self-promotion of multiple identities, it became clear that the division was not as separate as made out to be.

making the worlda better place (1)
Farrell (2018) Using Canva 

 

Reflecting on My Post as a Whole

A lot of things became clear this week that I would certainly do differently next time:

Firstly, I posted my blog to early. Whilst trying to get all my work done on time and staying organised, I finished this blog before most, and ended up being one of the first on the homepage. This meant that very few people in comparison to last time:

blog

And actually meant I did not have one single comment on my blog!

I also on this occasion made a video through Biteable instead of Powtoon, having done so I have realised I definitely prefer the interface of Powtoon, and didn’t realise till to late but struggled with embedding the video in to my most recent blog!

Word Count: 297

Comments:
Carl: https://cl5g16.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/69/#comment-39

Chloe: https://chloeheighwayblog.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/multiple-identities/#comment-25

 

References:

Jones, R. (2017). Identity fraud reaching new levels. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/money/2017/aug/23/identity-fraud-figures-cifas-theft [accessed 29 Apr. 2017].

Krotoski, A. (2018). Online identity: is authenticity or anonymity more important?. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/apr/19/online-identity-authenticity-anonymity [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].

Pilkington, E. (2018). Justine Sacco, PR executive fired over racist tweet, ‘ashamed’. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/22/pr-exec-fired-racist-tweet-aids-africa-apology [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].

van Dijck, J. (2013). ‘You have one identity’: performing the self on Facebook and LinkedIn. Media, Culture & Society, 35(2), pp.199-215.

http://tompaterson.info/reflection-a-digital-identity-crisis

https://chloeheighwayblog.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/multiple-identities/

https://cl5g16.wordpress.com/2018/04/22/69/

One Person, Two Identities.

Self-Presentation VS Self-Promotion

Social media offers us the possibilities to self express, present and promote ourselves. However, to what extent we choose to enhance these dimensions often depends on what our end goal and ambitions our. Dijck (2013) best describes this in analysing the variation of self-expression seen between Facebook and LinkedIn.

Dijck (2013 pp.199) explains this difference falls between the two social medias cites interface. Whilst Facebook offers the individual a personal self-presentation. LinkedIn interface caters towards the individuals professional self-promotion.

In order to see how evident this was, I looked into both Social Media sites log in pages, to see how the interfaces changed depending on what identity was the norm to portray.

Facebook:

InkedBlog topic 3_LI (2)

Facebook does have some examples of ‘self-promotion’ as it suggests to create a page for a business, but it also filled with keywords such as ‘Celebrity’, ‘Messenger’ and ‘Moments’ suggesting it being used for self-presentation.

LinkedIn:

topic 3_LI

In complete contrast to Facebook, LinkedIn seems to be completely based on professional self-promotion. LinkedIn allows you to find colleagues, browse jobs and salaries, and is completely business orientated.

The two different orientations of the platforms leads to a discussion on whether an individual should maintain one identity across all platforms or adopt multiple identities for different contexts, such as in the case of Facebook and LinkedIn a personal and professional and identity.

However both maintain different advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages
(Farrell, 2018) Created using Canva. All information from Mooc: FutureLearn. (2018). What is your network identity? – Learning in the Network Age – University of Southampton. [online] Available at: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/4/steps/303357 [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].

Whereas:

Advantages (2)
(Farrell, 2018) Created using Canva. All information from MOOC: FutureLearn. (2018). What is your network identity? – Learning in the Network Age – University of Southampton. [online] Available at: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/4/steps/303357 [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].
On reflection, I believe that having multiple identities on the internet is the most effective way to present yourself.

So where do I find myself?

 

https://biteable.com/watch/social-theory-explainer-copy-1842487

 

Concluding Thoughts

I base this opinion due to my belief that it is more important to divide your professional and social life to avoid negative consequences, then it is to maintain a exaggerated ‘authenticity

 

Word Count:

298

 

References

FutureLearn. (2018). What is your network identity? – Learning in the Network Age – University of Southampton. [online] Available at: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/4/steps/303357 [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].

Krotoski, A. (2018). Online identity: is authenticity or anonymity more important?. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/apr/19/online-identity-authenticity-anonymity [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].

Pilkington, E. (2018). Justine Sacco, PR executive fired over racist tweet, ‘ashamed’. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/22/pr-exec-fired-racist-tweet-aids-africa-apology [Accessed 17 Apr. 2018].

van Dijck, J. (2013). ‘You have one identity’: performing the self on Facebook and LinkedIn. Media, Culture & Society, 35(2), pp.199-215.

Making Movements- Topic 2 Reflection

Time to apply;

This week I really put in the effort to apply myself to the course and blog creation, I pushed myself out of my comfort zone by making a YouTube video, and improved my current knowledge by using different sites to create info-graphics!

But did I achieve what I set out to do from the last blogs reflection?

important tasks

I achieved all the things I wanted to from my previous reflection, and it has definitely improved my blog, as the evidence suggests;

evidence
Statistics of my most recent posts; this weeks being the most viewed.

What Have I Learned This Week?

As always, a lot of the learning I make on each topic comes from the discussions I have with my peers, however this week, I made the effort to try and discuss the topic with even more peers, this week having a discussion with 5 bloggers through my comments and their own.

I had a discussion with Natalie, and Sam
I made a comment on Bivash’s blog,

I also had some amazing discussions on my own blog post with Will, Chloe and Tewsdae.

making the worlda better place

From reading other peoples blogs such as Chloe’s, I was able to gain a more in depth understanding of how to not get caught by potential fake news articles and sources (https://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2017/oct/17/fake-news-improved-critical-literacy-skills-teaching-young-people)

And Lakshay expressed the importance of fact checking to fight fake news.

 

To Conclude

This week I have learnt how rapidly fake news is able to travel via social media (Fox, 2018) And how potentially dangerous it can be to not only older generations, but also to young children http://www.euronews.com/2018/03/08/fake-news-lies-spread-faster-social-media-truth-does-n854896 where as Older Children have seemed to wise up to it https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/older-children-wise-to-fake-news-regulator-ofcom-finds-a3704536.html.

 

Word Count: 287

Comments:
Natalie: https://livingandworkingontheweb685554213.wordpress.com/2018/03/11/fake-news-vs-real-news/comment-page-1/#comment-20
Bivash: https://bivash96.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/assessing-the-web/#comment-18
Sam: https://sjconibear.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/fake-news-topic-2/comment-page-1/#comment-22

Discussions:
Will: https://nathanielfarrellblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/the-president-trumps-fake-news/#comment-15
Chloe: https://nathanielfarrellblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/the-president-trumps-fake-news/#comment-16
Tewsdae: https://nathanielfarrellblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/the-president-trumps-fake-news/#comment-17

References:

http://www.euronews.com/2018/03/08/fake-news-lies-spread-faster-social-media-truth-does-n854896

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/older-children-wise-to-fake-news-regulator-ofcom-finds-a3704536.html

http://www.euronews.com/2018/03/08/fake-news-lies-spread-faster-social-media-truth-does-n854896

The President trumps ‘Fake News’

Literacy, Literacy and more Literacy

Growing our online network is an extremely important method in increasing our possibilities and abilities. The smaller it is, so will your opportunities to learn, socialise, professionalise etc. Part of growing our networks is done by understanding and learning the following literacy’s something many argue should be considered a right.

about
Farrell 2018, created using Canva

The Good Followed by The Bad

Although all three of these forms of literacy provide us with a massive amounts of possibilities, they are obstructed by the three negative I mention in the graphic above.

Firstly; Echo Chambers.

What are Echo Chambers?

Farrell 2018 Created using PowToon.

I have to admit, although I had never recognised it, I can attribute it to affecting a lot of significant events in my networking. For example, recently Brexit massively affected the United Kingdom, when using data literacy it would be very easy to see a large amount of my network would have been ‘remain’ whereas those in older generations would be largely ‘leave’ voters.

So an important point would be how do we trust people on the internet?

Secondly; Filter Bubbles

Filter bubbles are machine learning algorithms that selects information based on our previous searches. For example, how Facebook ‘decides which news Facebook users may be more inclined to read’. 

For more explanations on how Filter Bubbles are affecting our Media literacy, see these two videos:

https://player.vimeo.com/external/204434503.hd.mp4?s=487a0ae10dd4dda22d2728594730aad71a7f1e06&profile_id=174

Thirdly; Fake News

trump-2546104_1920
Un-copyrighted picture provided by https://pixabay.com/en/trump-president-usa-america-flag-2546104/

Made Popular by President Donald Trump, fake news is a factually incorrect report.

Fake news can be done through a varieties of methods;

Headlines called clickbait are deliberately exaggerated,

Bots that create fake news stories in order to swing political events.

And importantly misleading data used to show something off that is not particularly true, for example here is an article that changes misleading data:

 

Word Count: 303

References:

The most misleading charts of 2015, fixed

https://www.datapine.com/blog/misleading-data-visualization-examples/

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/close-encounters/201407/can-you-really-trust-the-people-you-meet-online

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-41812369

Filter bubbles are a serious problem with news, says Bill Gates

https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/projects/machine-learning/

https://www.horizon.ac.uk/project/unbias-emancipating-users-against-algorithmic-biases-for-a-trusted-digital-economy/

https://casma.wp.horizon.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Internet-On-Our-Own-Terms.pdf

https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/4/steps/303353

The (developed) World Wide Web.

Shocking, isn’t it?

This week has been a very significant week for me, not only have I learnt a lot about a subject I was completely unaware of, through reading through other peoples blogs, and their comments on mine, I believe that I can significantly improve my blogs in the upcoming weeks.

How I am going to improve next week:

000

When reading other peoples blogs this week, I noticed these three things were lacking in mine. Whilst reading Chloe’s blog, I noticed that the blog ran very fluently because of the subheadings, and I always knew where I was in the blog. Whereas whilst reading Lakshay’s blog I was impressed with the graphics he used to accompany his literature.

03 Further Research:

I’m going to separate number 3 from the rest, because massive amounts of the learning I did this week, did not come from revising the literature to create my blog, it came from the comments made on my blog, and those I made on others.

Although through my research I was completely aware of the inequality based around other countries, I was completely unaware of what was happening in our own country. A point made by Joanna, who linked this: to explain how disability was massively limiting internet access.

Whilst myself and Yusrah discussed how could policies in the UK be used elsewhere?

And other methods that could be used:

 

I then used these topics to base my comments on other peoples blogs. Myself and Yakshay discussed how UK strategies could be implemented in India, and strategies they were already using, called The Digital India Strategy I was not aware of before.

Where as me and Chloe discussed different forms of inequality in the UK, including disability as what charities have been created to fight against the inequality.

Word count 299

Comments:
https://lakshayuosm2008.wordpress.com/2018/02/25/all-differences-make-a-difference/#comment-6
https://chloeheighwayblog.wordpress.com/2018/02/26/what-is-the-digital-divide/#comment-6

 

Digital Differences; How Do I Use The Web?

Prior to undertaking UOSM2008, I was completely unaware of the mass inequality and difference that shrouds the internet. Last week I began by understanding the division through generations:

new-piktochart_27916502 (1)However through my research this week, there is increasing evidence to suggest other variations to how we perceive, interact and experience our digital lives.

This new form of inequality, is referred to as ‘The Digital Divide’. van Djik, (2013) describes four types of inequalities and the four areas of unequally divided property these inequalities have:

000

Digital differences, refer to how your offline, social characteristics, affect your place on the web, and can either advance or prevent you from accessing the web.

This is a debate taken by Robinson (2015), who states that when access to the web is difficult, it can be detrimental to an individual. To the extent where Robinson (2015) believes that it should take its place alongside traditional forms of inequality such as race, class and gender.

The ‘digital footprint gap’ (Robinson 2015) is creating such massive inequalities because of what internet provides us with, mass resources. These include, news on events (Natural disasters etc,) Business and job opportunity, education and information resources, access to family and sociability.

Interestingly,  I previously came across this TED talks youtube video in first year when trying to research what % of the population doesn’t have access to the internet, and perfectly describes what a digital divide can have on an individual:

I have entered the digital footprint gap (Robinson, 2015) on the very fortunate side, I have always had access to the internet, new technology and devices, so have been able to use it for educational and job opportunities. However, looking back, I was never aware of the impact it had on a population who was not able to access it so freely.

Word Count: 298

References:

Reconsidering Political and Popular Understandings of the Digital Divide by Neil Selwyn:

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1461444804042519

Inequalities in the Network Society by Jan A. G. M. van Dijk

https://ris.utwente.nl/ws/files/5599908/Digital_Sociology_-_Hoofdstuk_7_Inequalities_in_the_Network_Society.pdf

Digital inequalities and why they matter by Laura Robinson, Shelia R. Cotten, Hiroshi Ono, Anabel Quan-Haase, Gustavo Mesch, Wenhong Chen, Jeremy Schulz, Timothy M. Hale & Michael J. Stern
Ted talks Youtube video: